How To Sight In A Rifle

If you’re a beginner in shooting or hunting, sighting in a rifle could be a challenging task. However, with the right knowledge and technique, it can be accomplished easily. Sighting in a rifle is crucial to improve your accuracy and ensure that you hit your target every time you pull the trigger. In this post, we’ll walk you through how to sight in a rifle, step-by-step. By following these instructions, you’ll be able to sight in your rifle like a pro in no time. So, let’s get started!

How To Sight In A Rifle for Accurate Shooting


Properly sighting in a rifle is crucial for achieving accuracy while shooting. No matter how expensive or high-quality your firearm is, without proper sight-in, you can miss your target. The process of sighting in your rifle can seem overwhelming, especially for beginners. However, with a little effort and guidance, anyone can master the art of sight-in. In this article, we will guide you on how to sight in a rifle.

Step 1 – Choose the Right Spot to Sight In Your Rifle

  • Ideally, you should choose a calm day with no wind or rain to sight in your rifle.
  • Choose a spot that is free from distraction and not too crowded.
  • Pick a spot where you can place a target board and have a clear view of it.

Step 2 – Set Up Your Rifle and Target

  • Start by mounting your rifle on a sturdy tripod or bench.
  • Ensure that the rifle is unloaded and the safety is on.
  • Place a target board about 50 yards away from your rifle.
  • Use a strong backer board to avoid destroying the target board.

Step 3 – Adjust the Eyepiece

  • The eyepiece is used for setting your eye in relation to the reticle.
  • Adjust the eyepiece by looking through it and moving it back and forth until the reticle becomes clear.
  • The focus should be solely on the reticle when making adjustments to the eyepiece.
  • Look away from the eyepiece in between each movement to prevent eye fatigue.

Step 4 – Check for Eye Relief

  • Check eye relief at low and high power settings.
  • Ensure that there is sufficient space between your eye and the scope.
  • This is crucial to prevent any injury to your eye.

Step 5 – Live Firing

  • Live firing should start at 50 yards.
  • Ensure there is no obstruction between the shooter and the target.
  • Fire a three-round group on center to ensure proper sighting.
  • Adjust windage and elevation dials up and over as needed.

Step 6 – Final Adjustments

  • Final adjustments can be made at 100 yards.
  • Sighting an inch or two high at 100 yards is common for better point-blank range at longer distances.
  • Individual ammo and expected drop should be taken into account.
  • Fire three rounds at the center of the target, re-adjusting between each round.


Sighting in your rifle is a crucial step to achieve accuracy when shooting. It may seem intimidating at first, but with the right guidance and effort, anyone can master this skill. Remember to take extra caution when handling firearms, and always follow safety protocols.


  1. How often should I sight in my rifle?
  • It is recommended to sight in your rifle at least once a year if you use it frequently. However, if you store your rifle for a long time, you should sight it in before using it.
  1. How do I know if my rifle is sighted in properly?
  • The easiest way to know if your rifle is sighted in properly is to fire three rounds at the center of the target. If they all hit the target, your rifle is sighted in.
  1. How far should I sight in my rifle?
  • Sighting in your rifle at 100 yards is common, but it depends on the intended use of the rifle. If you use it for short distances, you may sight it in at 50 yards.
  1. Why is proper eye relief important?
  • Eye relief is the distance from your eye to the scope. Too short of an eye relief can cause injury to your eye when shooting, while too long may cause difficulty in finding the reticle.
  1. Can I sight in my rifle myself, or do I need professional help?
  • Sighting in your rifle is a simple process that can be done yourself with proper knowledge and guidance. However, if you are unsure or uncomfortable, it is always recommended to seek professional help.

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